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Introduction:

Anxiety and fear are the adaptive responses of the human body that are essential to cope with survival threats. However, excessive anxiety might be maladaptive that leads to disability. The symptoms that arise due to persistent anxiety and fear are part of several neuropsychiatric disorders that includes panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and social anxiety disorder (SAD). Anxiety-related disorders lead to an increased unemployment rate, elevated risks of suicide, and breakdown in relationships. Existing pharmacological treatments are unable to treat such conditions as they have limited residual symptoms and response rates most specifically in PTSD. Also, adverse effects have limit adherence and tolerability [1]. There should be an effective medication to treat anxiety-related disorders and it can only happen with the introduction of new medicines. Research has suggested that CBD has the potential to treat multiple anxiety-related disorders but there is still a need for further research on the therapeutic impacts of CBD on patients [2].

CBD and Anxiety:

There are people around the United States that are failed to seek to seek the proper medication for anxiety and other mental disorders. The medicine and the treatment are quite expensive that people are unable to treat them. Only one psychotherapy session may cost $100-$120 for an hour. So, a citizen with a minimum wage cannot afford to treat anxiety. One more thing there are only a few healthcare providers that provide services for mental health treatment so that makes the condition more worst for a citizen. So, people have turned down the treatments and therapies and start consuming CBD to treat anxiety. Initially, CBD was considered unsafe because of the presence of THC (psychotropic compound) that can make you feel high but with further researches, it has been proved that hemp-derived CBD is safe to consume and it is providing medical benefits to the consumers. According to a study in 2017, CBD showed potential in treating anxiety and anxiety-related disorders [3].

Researches on CBD and Anxiety:

CBD popularity is increasing with time and because of its popularity, several studies and researches were examined for the anxiety treatment. Some of the researches are discussed below:

  1. According to a study in 2011, CBD reduces the discomfort and anxiety among people during public speaking i.e. it is found to help treat social anxiety disorder (SAD) [4].
  2. There is another study in 2011 that suggested that CBD helped in reducing the symptoms of anxiety in people with SAD (Social Anxiety Disorder) [5].
  3. In the review of 2015, strongly supported evidence was found that CBD helps treat GAD (generalized anxiety disorder), SAD, PD (Panic disorder), PTSD (post-traumatic stress syndrome), and OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder) [6].
  4. In 2019, a study suggested that CBD helps treat patients who are having a problem in sleep and anxiety. According to the result, 80% of patients’ anxiety were improved while 70% of them were reported that they have improved sleeping pattern in just one month [7].

Above-mentioned researches have suggested that CBD have great potential in treating patients with mental disorder and anxiety.

Conclusion:

The evidence regarding the efficiency of CBD states that it helps in reducing the anxiety behaviours among patients that are related to multiple anxiety disorders that include PD, GAD, PTSD, SAD, and OCD without any anxiogenic effects. The treatment of anxiety and its related disorders is necessary because its severity may lead to disability and some might attempt suicide. The treatment of anxiety is quite expensive while treating it with CBD is cost-effective for people with minimum wages. There should be proper CBD medication for the treatment of all the anxiety related disorders.

 

 

Citations:

[1] An effect-size analysis of the relative efficacy and tolerability of serotonin selective reuptake inhibitors for panic disorder. Otto MW, Tuby KS, Gould RA, McLean RY, Pollack MH

Am J Psychiatry. 2001 Dec; 158(12):1989-92.

[2] Blessing, Esther M., et al. “Cannabidiol as a Potential Treatment for Anxiety Disorders.” Neurotherapeutics, vol. 12, no. 4, 2015, pp. 825–836., doi:10.1007/s13311-015-0387-1.

[3] Health Europa. “Effects of CBD Oil on Mental Health: Anxiety Disorders.” Health Europa, 12 May 2020, www.healtheuropa.eu/effects-of-cbd-oil-on-mental-health-anxiety-disorders/99831/.

[4] Bergamaschi, Mateus M, et al. “Cannabidiol Reduces the Anxiety Induced by Simulated Public Speaking in Treatment-Naïve Social Phobia Patients.” Neuropsychopharmacology, vol. 36, no. 6, 2011, pp. 1219–1226., doi:10.1038/npp.2011.6.

[5] Crippa, José Alexandre S, et al. “Neural Basis of Anxiolytic Effects of Cannabidiol (CBD) in Generalized Social Anxiety Disorder: a Preliminary Report.” Journal of Psychopharmacology, vol. 25, no. 1, 2010, pp. 121–130., doi:10.1177/0269881110379283.

[6] Blessing, Esther M., et al. “Cannabidiol as a Potential Treatment for Anxiety Disorders.” Neurotherapeutics, vol. 12, no. 4, 2015, pp. 825–836., doi:10.1007/s13311-015-0387-1.

[7] Shannon, Scott. “Cannabidiol in Anxiety and Sleep: A Large Case Series.” The Permanente Journal, 2019, doi:10.7812/tpp/18-041.

 

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